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The hoopoe , the wisest of them all, suggests that they should find the legendary Simorgh. The hoopoe leads the birds, each of whom represents a human fault which prevents human kind from attaining enlightenment. The hoopoe tells the birds that they have to cross seven valleys in order to reach the abode of Simorgh.
These valleys are as follows:   1. Valley of the Quest, where the Wayfarer begins by casting aside all dogma, belief, and unbelief. Valley of Love, where reason is abandoned for the sake of love.
Valley of Knowledge, where worldly knowledge becomes utterly useless. Valley of Detachment, where all desires and attachments to the world are given up. Valley of Unity, where the Wayfarer realizes that everything is connected and that the Beloved is beyond everything, including harmony, multiplicity, and eternity.
Valley of Wonderment, where, entranced by the beauty of the Beloved, the Wayfarer becomes perplexed and, steeped in awe, finds that he or she has never known or understood anything. Valley of Poverty and Annihilation, where the self disappears into the universe and the Wayfarer becomes timeless, existing in both the past and the future.
But despite their trepidations, they begin the great journey. On the way, many perish of thirst, heat or illness, while others fall prey to wild beasts, panic, and violence.
Finally, only thirty birds make it to the abode of Simorgh. They eventually come to understand that the majesty of that Beloved is like the sun that can be seen reflected in a mirror. Yet, whoever looks into that mirror will also behold his or her own image. What shadow is ever separated from its maker? Do you see? The shadow and its maker are one and the same, so get over surfaces and delve into mysteries.
This adroit handling of symbolisms and allusions can be seen reflected in these lines: It was in China, late one moonless night, The Simorgh first appeared to mortal sight — Beside the symbolic use of the Simorgh, the allusion to China is also very significant.
According to Idries Shah , China as used here, is not the geographical China, but the symbol of mystic experience, as inferred from the Hadith declared weak by Ibn Adee, but still used symbolically by some Sufis : "Seek knowledge; even as far as China". Within the larger context of the story of the journey of the birds, Attar masterfully tells the reader many didactic short, sweet stories in captivating poetic style. Folio from an illustrated manuscript dated c. Paintings by Habiballah of Sava active ca.
Written and compiled throughout much of his life and published before his death, the compelling account of the execution of the mystic Mansur al-Hallaj , who had uttered the words "I am the Truth" in a state of ecstatic contemplation, is perhaps the most well known extract from the book. In terms of form and content, it has some similarities with Bird Parliament. The story is about a king who is confronted with the materialistic and worldly demands of his six sons.
The King tries to show the temporary and senseless desires of his six sons by retelling them a large number of spiritual stories. The first son asks for the daughter of the king of the fairies, the second for the mastery of magic, the third for the cup of Jamshid, which has the property of displaying the whole world, the fourth for the water of life, the fifth for the ring of Solomon, which has control over fairies and demons, and the sixth for mastering alchemy.
Each of these desires is discussed first literally, and shown to be absurd, and then it is explained how there is an esoteric interpretation of each one. In the Mokhtar-nama, a coherent group of mystical and religious subjects is outlined search for union, sense of uniqueness, distancing from the world, annihilation, amazement, pain, awareness of death, etc. There are also some Qasida "Odes" , but they amount to less than one-seventh of the Divan.
His Qasidas expound upon mystical and ethical themes and moral precepts. They are sometimes modeled after Sanai. The Ghazals often seem from their outward vocabulary just to be love and wine songs with a predilection for libertine imagery, but generally imply spiritual experiences in the familiar symbolic language of classical Islamic Sufism. His lyric poetry does not significantly differ from that of his narrative poetry, and the same may be said of the rhetoric and imagery. His works were the inspiration of Rumi and many other mystic poets.
Rumi has mentioned both of them with the highest esteem several times in his poetry. Therefore, by profession he was similar to a modern-day town doctor and pharmacist. Several musical artists have albums or songs which share the name of his most famous work, Conference of the Birds , as well as the themes of enlightenment contained therein.
In the opera singer Hossein Sarshar performed this piece as well which its recording is available.
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