The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules Rent the eBook Rental duration: 1 or 6 month low-cost access online reader with highlighting and note-making option can be used across all devices About this book Multi-phase flows are part of our natural environment such as tornadoes, typhoons, air and water pollution and volcanic activities as well as part of industrial technology such as power plants, combustion engines, propulsion systems, or chemical and biological industry. The industrial use of multi-phase systems requires analytical and numerical strategies for predicting their behavior. In the present third volume methods for describing of the thermal interactions in multiphase dynamics are provided. In addition a large number of valuable experiments is collected and predicted using the methods introduced in this monograph. In this way the accuracy of the methods is revealed to the reader. This fourth edition includes various updates, extensions, improvements and corrections.
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History[ edit ] The study of multiphase flow is strongly linked to the development of fluid mechanics and thermodynamics. In particular Lockhart and Martinelli  presented a model for frictional pressure drop in horizontal, separated two-phase flow, introducing a parameter that is still utilised today.
Between and , intensive work in the aerospace and nuclear sectors triggered further studies into two-phase flow. In one of the earliest systematic studies of two-phase flow was undertaken by Soviet scientist Teletov. Advancements in computing power in the s allowed for increasingly complex modelling techniques to modelling multiphase flow, flows that were previously limited to one- dimensional problems could be pushed to three-dimensional models.
The impetus behind this technology was a forecasted decline of production from the major North Sea oil fields. Oil companies that created early prototypes included BP and Texaco , MFMS have now become ubiquitous and are now the primary metering solution for new-field developments.
Multiphase flow occurs regularly in many natural phenomena, and also is well documented and crucial within various industries. In nature[ edit ] Sediment transport in rivers is subject to multiphase flow, in which the suspended particles are treated as a disperse second phase which interacts with the continuous fluid phase.
A common example of multiphase flow in industry is a fluidized bed. This device combines a solid-liquid mixture and causes it to move like a fluid. The term is also applicable to the properties of a flow in some field where there is a chemical injection or various types of inhibitors.
Furthermore, crude oil during flow through pipelines is a gas-oil-water three phase flow. These flows are the most studied, and are of most interest in the context of industry. Different patterns of multiphase flow are known as flow regimes. As velocity and gas-liquid ratio is increased, "bubble flow" transitions into "mist flow". At high liquid-gas ratios, liquid forms the continuous phase and at low values it forms the disperse phase. Typical features of this flow are moving and deformed interfaces of bubbles in time and space domains and complex interactions between the interfaces.
This occurs when the gravity force dominates which causes stratification of the liquid at the bottom of the pipe. Most common in horizontal or slightly inclined pipelines. At low velocities, smooth interfaces occur whereas at greater velocities waves appear.
About this book Introduction Multi-phase flows are part of our natural environment such as tornadoes, typhoons, air and water pollution or volcano activities as well as of industrial technology such as power plants, combustion engines, propulsion systems, or chemical and biological industry. The industrial use of multi-phase systems requires analytical and numerical strategies for predicting their behavior. In its second extended edition this monograph contains theory, methods and practical experience for describing complex transient multi-phase processes in arbitrary geometrical configurations, providing a systematic presentation of the theory and practice of numerical multi-phase fluid dynamics. In the present first volume the fundamentals of multiphase dynamics are provided, as well as various interactive multimedia demonstrations on an accompanying CD-ROM.
Multiphase Flow Dynamics 1
Zulkishakar The description of the turbulence is provided at different level of complexity: As introduction, some basics of the single phase boundary layer theory including some important scales and flow oscillation characteristics in pipes and rod bundles are presented. With this information solution multiphasse dissolution dynamics in multiphase fluid flows can be analyzed. The role of the following forces on the mathematical description of turbulent flows is discussed: This methodology is intended to help other engineers and scientists to introduce this technology step-by-step in their own engineering practice. Then the scales characterizing the dispersed flow systems are presented. Skickas inom vardagar.