His four years there were followed by three years of training at Prussian Main Military academy in Lichterfelde. He was trained as a Herrenreiter "gentleman rider". Papen joined the German General Staff as a captain in March He married Martha von Boch-Galhau — on 3 May He always believed in the superiority of the aristocracy over commoners.
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His four years there were followed by three years of training at Prussian Main Military academy in Lichterfelde. He was trained as a Herrenreiter "gentleman rider". Papen joined the German General Staff as a captain in March He married Martha von Boch-Galhau — on 3 May He always believed in the superiority of the aristocracy over commoners. In early he travelled to Mexico to which he was also accredited and observed the Mexican Revolution.
On 11 April , Papen fought at Vimy Ridge , where his battalion was defeated with heavy losses by the Canadian Corps. After the Turks signed an armistice with the Allies on 30 October , the German Asia Corps was ordered home, and Papen was in the mountains at Karapunar when he heard on 11 November that the war was over.
On 1 June , Papen was suddenly lifted to supreme importance when president Hindenburg appointed him Chancellor. Papen owed his appointment to the Chancellorship to General Kurt von Schleicher , an old friend from the pre-war General Staff and influential advisor of President Hindenburg.
Schleicher selected Papen because his conservative, aristocratic background and military career was satisfactory to Hindenburg and would create the groundwork for a possible Centre-Nazi coalition. After he broke his pledge, Kaas branded him the " Ephialtes of the Centre Party"; Papen forestalled being expelled from the party by leaving it on 31 May In June and July Papen represented Germany at the Lausanne conference where, on 9 July, German reparation obligations were cancelled.
Berlin was put on military shutdown and Papen sent men to arrest the SPD Prussian authorities, whom he accused with no evidence of being in league with the Communists. Hereafter, Papen declared himself commissioner of Prussia by way of another emergency decree that he elicited from Hindenburg, further weakening the democracy of the Weimar Republic.
Papen announced that the Reich would not return to the conference until the other powers agreed to consider his demand for Gleichberechtigung. In the Reichstag election of 31 July the Nazis won the largest number of seats. To combat the rise in SA and SS political terrorism that began right after the elections, Papen on 9 August brought in via Article 48 a new law that drastically streamlined the judicial process in death penalty cases while limiting the right of appeal.
Instead, Hindenburg appointed Schleicher as chancellor. Hindenburg declined and Schleicher resigned at midday on 28 January. Hindenburg formally gave Papen the task of forming a new government. The other eight posts were held by conservatives close to Papen. Additionally, as part of the deal that allowed Hitler to become Chancellor, Papen was granted the right to attend every meeting between Hitler and Hindenburg.
Moreover, Cabinet decisions were made by majority vote. He frequently acted without consulting his nominal superior, Papen. On 1 February , Hitler presented to the cabinet an Article 48 decree law that had been drafted by Papen in November allowing the police to take people into "protective custody" without charges. Papen saw the end of the Zentrum that he had engineered as one of his greatest achievements.
Only Himmler and Heydrich are missing. Papen himself was placed under house arrest at his villa with his telephone line cut. He insisted on a private audience with Hitler and announced his resignation, stating, "My service to the Fatherland is over! When Hindenburg died on 2 August, the last conservative obstacles to complete Nazi rule were gone. Hitler offered Papen the assignment of German ambassador to Vienna , which Papen accepted.
Franz von Papen
Meyers Franz von Papen indicates that he is still a conservative monarchist at the time his Memoirs are written. He was from a well-off, but not aristocratic, family who owned a salt mine in Werl, Westphalia. His older brother would receive the estate, so he started a military career, becoming a cadet at the age of 11 in He also became an excellent horseman. After rigorous trials he was promoted to membership in the General Staff. Then he was surprised to be sent as military attache to the German embassy to the United States, where he became friends with Franklin D.
Memoirs of Franz von Papen
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