EKA EKA BY HUMAYUN AHMED PDF

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Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. The specific problem is: Includes many primary sources and debunked pseudoscience masquerading as science. May This article needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources. May This article is part of a series on Alternative medicine, pseudomedicine and medical conspiracy theories Outline-body-aura. Traditional medicine also known as indigenous or folk medicine comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine.

The World Health Organization WHO defines traditional medicine as "the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether explicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness".

When adopted outside its traditional culture, traditional medicine is often considered a form of alternative medicine. Scientific disciplines which study traditional medicine include herbalism, ethnomedicine, ethnobotany, and medical anthropology.

The WHO notes, however, that "inappropriate use of traditional medicines or practices can have negative or dangerous effects" and that "further research is needed to ascertain the efficacy and safety" of several of the practices and medicinal plants used by traditional medicine systems.

Contents [hide] 1 Usage and history 1. In Ancient Egyptian medicine, the Ebers papyrus from c. Many herbs and minerals used in Ayurveda were described by ancient Indian herbalists such as Charaka and Sushruta during the 1st millennium BC.

Early recognised Greek compilers of existing and current herbal knowledge include Pythagoras and his followers, Hippocrates, Aristotle, Theophrastus, Dioscorides and Galen. The Unani system of traditional medicine is also based on the Canon. Translations of the early Roman-Greek compilations were made into German by Hieronymus Bock whose herbal, published in , was called Kreuter Buch. Both Hernandez and Ximenez fitted Aztec ethnomedicinal information into the European concepts of disease such as "warm", "cold", and "moist", but it is not clear that the Aztecs used these categories.

It was translated into German in and Italian editions were published for the next century. Colonial America[edit] In 17th and 18th-century America, traditional folk healers, frequently women, used herbal remedies, cupping and leeching.

However, synthetic or biomedical products have been questioned by some parts of Western society, allowing for interest in natural medicines. The prevalence of folk medicine in certain areas of the world varies according to cultural norms. Within a given culture, elements of indigenous medicine knowledge may be diffusely known by many, or may be gathered and applied by those in a specific role of healer such as a shaman or midwife.

When the claims of indigenous medicine become rejected by a culture, generally three types of adherents still use it — those born and socialized in it who become permanent believers, temporary believers who turn to it in crisis times, and those who only believe in specific aspects, not in all of it. In the Caribbean, indigenous remedies fall into several classes: certain well-known European medicinal herbs introduced by the early Spaniard colonists that are still commonly cultivated; indigenous wild and cultivated plants, the uses of which have been adopted from the Amerindians; and ornamental or other plants of relatively recent introduction for which curative uses have been invented without any historical basis.

See Commercialization of indigenous knowledge, also the Convention on Biological Diversity in particular Article 8j and the Nagoya Protocol. Definition and terminology[edit] Traditional medicine may sometimes be considered as distinct from folk medicine, and the considered to include formalized aspects of folk medicine. Under this definition folk medicine are longstanding remedies passed on and practised by lay people.

Folk medicine consists of the healing practices and ideas of body physiology and health preservation known to some in a culture, transmitted informally as general knowledge, and practiced or applied by anyone in the culture having prior experience. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message A home remedy sometimes also referred to as a granny cure is a treatment to cure a disease or ailment that employs certain spices, vegetables, or other common items. Home remedies may or may not have medicinal properties that treat or cure the disease or ailment in question, as they are typically passed along by laypersons which has been facilitated in recent years by the Internet.

Many are merely used as a result of tradition or habit or because they are effective in inducing the placebo effect. Other examples of home remedies include duct tape to help with setting broken bones; and duct tape or superglue to treat plantar warts; and Kogel mogel to treat sore throat.

In earlier times, mothers were entrusted with all but serious remedies. Historic cookbooks are frequently full of remedies for dyspepsia, fevers, and female complaints. In Chinese folk medicine, medicinal congees long-cooked rice soups with herbs , foods, and soups are part of treatment practices. It is often assumed that because supposed medicines are herbal or natural that they are safe, but numerous precautions are associated with using herbal remedies.

Endangered animals, such as the Slow loris, are sometimes killed to make traditional medicines. Our focus is always on helping you achieve your oral health goals, your comfort and your total well-being. Safety and Comfort — Our Priorities Our office is committed to your safety. In addition, our doctors use an amazing array of technology to help you, including 3D CT scans onsite.

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