If you have a young dog that is showing signs of lameness that switches from leg to leg, your canine friend may be dealing with puppy growing pains, also known as panosteitis or hypertrophic osteodystrophy HOD. To better help your pup navigate the growth process, you will want to understand panosteitis in dogs, the symptoms of pano in dogs, diagnosis of the disease, treatment options, and possible prevention of the disease. What is Panosteitis? Panosteitis in dogs is a disease of the bones in which there is excess growth and restructuring of the bone. It usually occurs in the limbs and results in elongation of the bones and accompanying pain.
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If you have a young dog that is showing signs of lameness that switches from leg to leg, your canine friend may be dealing with puppy growing pains, also known as panosteitis or hypertrophic osteodystrophy HOD. To better help your pup navigate the growth process, you will want to understand panosteitis in dogs, the symptoms of pano in dogs, diagnosis of the disease, treatment options, and possible prevention of the disease.
What is Panosteitis? Panosteitis in dogs is a disease of the bones in which there is excess growth and restructuring of the bone. It usually occurs in the limbs and results in elongation of the bones and accompanying pain. Most cases of pano in dogs occurs in larger breed dogs such as German Shepherds, Retrievers, and Rottweilers between the ages of 4 and 18 months, so it is often referred to as puppy growing pains.
The cause of panosteitis appears to have several different factors that contribute to development of the disease. Based on the tendency to occur within certain breeds, some believe there may be a genetic component. Others have suggested nutritional and possibly viral factors may contribute to the development of the disease. What are the Signs and Symptoms of Panosteitis? Panosteitis or HOD in dogs often presents as a sudden onset of lameness with no known trauma or injury.
There may be periods of lameness that last for 2 to 3 weeks at a time and shifts from one leg to another. This is most common in large breed male dogs between the ages of 4 and 18 months. Your pup may suddenly show reluctance to exercise or go for walks. He or she will react with pain when affected bones are squeezed. The bones most commonly affected are the long bones of the front and hind legs, but the feet and pelvis may also be involved. Occasionally, a dog with panosteitis may have a fever or elevated white blood cell count.
How is Panosteitis or HOD diagnosed? Growing pains in dogs is one possible cause of acute lameness in young dogs. Other diseases such as Lyme disease and osteochondritis dissecans in dogs OCD in dogs can also present with a lameness without a known source of trauma.
When your pup is showing signs of lameness, you will want to have a veterinarian examine your dog to make the proper diagnosis. He or she will be able to do a complete work up to determine the source of the lameness. With Lyme disease, the pain is usually related to the joints rather than the bones, a simple antibody blood test will confirm exposure and, your canine friend will respond to antibiotic treatment.
Like Lyme disease, dog OCD can present with sudden lameness that resembles pano in dogs. OCD in dogs is a disease of the cartilage in which the cartilage in some joints is damaged and grows abnormally. It cracks and separates resulting in considerable pain. The shoulder is most commonly affected, but other leg joints can also be involved.
To help rule out Lyme disease, OCD in dogs and other causes of lameness, your veterinarian will start with a complete physical examination. If indicated, your veterinarian will take blood tests to check for presence of antibodies to Lyme disease or an elevated white blood cell count.
To clearly differentiate between dog OCD and HOD in dogs, the doctor will take radiographs of the affected bones or joints. In each case, additional radiographs of healthy bones and joints may be taken for comparison. In the case of HOD, the bone will show changes from an increased bone density in the center of the affected bone early in the disease to a mottled and patchy appearance to the bone as the disease progresses and eventually resolves.
How is Panosteitis Treated? There is no specific medication or treatment for panosteitis in dogs, but the pain can be managed with a combination of rest and anti-inflammatory medications.
Antibiotics are not indicated unless there is a concurrent infection. Steroids should not be used unless the pain is severe, and your veterinarian recommends this course of treatment.
Because of the potential long-term side effects of steroids, it is best to try other pain killers first. You might also opt to use natural anti-inflammatory supplements to prevent any unwanted side-effects. Many pet owners have reported that it has provided pain relief for a range of joint problems in their canine friends. Over feeding of protein or fat might contribute to the disease, so you will want to provide a balanced diet. Proanthozone contains bioflavanol to help neutralize free radicles and thus promote cellular health.
The bioflavanol is also instrumental in interfering with enzymes that cause cartilage break down, which may lessen the severity of the disease. As the common name suggests, puppy growing pains are self-limiting. The disease usually lasts about 2 to 5 months but may last longer.
Once it runs its course, it is rare to have ongoing symptoms or need for further treatment. Because there are other causes of lameness, if your pup continues to show pain beyond the normal time frame or does not respond to treatment, you should have your veterinarian reevaluate your canine friend. Can Panosteitis be Prevented? There is no known way to prevent the disease at this time.
Because there may be a genetic link to the disease, it is important to screen breeding animals to ensure they are not carriers. As stated before, it is important to provide a healthy, well balanced diet with the appropriate balance of fatty acids and proteins. Over feeding and over supplementation has the potential to contribute to the disease.
In Summary If you have a young dog that suddenly shows lameness, you may be dealing with growing pains or panosteitis. Because this disease and other diseases that may cause lameness in young animals are painful, you will want to consult your veterinarian for a prompt diagnosis. A thorough examination and radiographs will help rule out diseases such as Lyme disease and dog OCD so you can provide the proper care and treatment for your furry friend.
You will need to use NSAIDs as needed to control the painful flare ups and restrict exercise and activity during the course of the disease. Providing a good antioxidant and well balanced diet may help to reduce the severity of the symptoms. Although there is no known way to prevent panosteitis, genetic screening and diet may have an impact on the incidence of the disease.
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A panosteitis home remedy that required minimal time and minimal cost yet produced maximal relief to your puppy in pain. If your large breed puppy is in pain, you are likely here looking for answers. For hope. In this post you will learn about the nutritional formula, a panosteitis treatment, that has been relieving panosteitis pain in Mastiff puppies for decades with tremendous success. Bone Growth Spurt in a Giant Breed Puppy Junior was 16 weeks old when I began to notice some alarming changes to his behavior and movement.
When Do Dogs Stop Growing? Panosteitis in Dogs Guide
Email Panosteitis is a debilitating disease that strikes in younger dogs between the ages of about 5 and 14 months, most commonly. There are a large number of different potential factors that contribute to the development of panosteitis in your pet, including but not limited to genetic factors, stress, metabolism, diet and more. The disease is characterized by a change in bone structure and development of a number of growths and cysts on the bones that can cause different problems for your pet, and in some cases panosteitis can be so severe that the dog must be euthanized. Lameness The single most obvious outward sign that your pet is suffering from panosteitis will be an unexplained lameness. You may notice that your young dog is suddenly having difficulty climbing or descending stairs, or he may be reluctant to get up and move around. Watch if he favors a particular leg, or if he seems to walk with a limp or another unusal gait of some kind.
Canine Panosteitis Symptoms
It is a condition that affects the long bones in the legs of young dogs, usually between the ages of 5 to 18 months. It can occur with any breed, but it is more common in medium- to large-sized dog breeds. With treatment, the inflammation can be reduced and the animal can regain full function and activity. Panosteitis can affect both dogs and cats.
Recognizing & Treating Panosteitis in Dogs and Puppies (Your Options)
Golden retrievers Labrador retrievers This means on top of the heap for ticking all the boxes are young male dogs from a giant breed. Could this be panosteitis? Yes…and no. Yes, panosteitis causes pain. One of the hallmark clinical signs of panosteitis in bone pain. Indeed, the pain can be worse in certain places within the bone. In practical terms, this means the dog tolerates you touching some parts of the long bone, but yelps when you press a different bit.