Artocarpus integrifolia L. Stokes Vernacular names Indonesia: chempedak, campedak Malay , baroh Lingga Malaysia: chempedak cultivated , bankong wild , baroh Johor Burma: sonekadat Thailand: champada. It is also cultivated in these areas as well as in western Java. Uses The fleshy perianths which surround the seeds are eaten fresh or cooked.
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Description[ edit ] Cempedak trees are large, evergreen trees. They can grow to a height of 20 m, although most only reach a dozen meters. The trees are monoecious , with male and female flowers growing on the same tree.
There are many varieties, although few are named. The vigorously growing tree can bear heavy crops of fruit once or twice a year. The fleshy, edible arils surround the large seeds in a thick layer. These arils are edible raw, or can be prepared in a number of ways. Arils are yellowish-white to orange in color, sweet and fragrant, soft, slippery and slimy on the tongue and a bit fibrous.
Ripe cempedak fruit has a pungent smell that has been described as harsh and penetrating like that of durian. Cempedak is similar to jackfruit in many ways, however, cempedak are smaller than jackfruit and the peduncle is thinner. The male inflorescence of cempedak is pale green to yellow compared to the dark green of jackfruit.
The cempedak flesh is darker yellow and more juicy when ripe. The trees are normally propagated by bud-grafting to maintain desired genetic traits. Blossoms are common from February to April and then again in August to October in southern Malaysia, as opposed to in western Java, where Cempedak tend to flower in July and August.
From flowering to ripening fruit takes about months. One of the most reliable ways to determine maturity of cempedak is to tap the fruit and listen for a dull hollow sound. Skin color can also be an indicator of maturity, as ripened skins turn from green to more yellow. Fruit are harvested ideally before falling to avoid damage, loss of shelf life and premature ripening.
The harvested fruit produces a latex exudate , and is left to drain in the field before being moved from the orchard. The fruit has a short shelf life of days. Cempedak has a sweetly unique flavor akin to that of durian and mango. The large fruit are often cut open and sliced into pieces for sale.
The seeds can be fried, boiled or grilled, then peeled and eaten with salt. The taste of the seeds is similar to water chestnuts. The young fruit, like young jackfruit , can be used as a vegetable. Mandai is usually consumed after frying.
The fibrous bark can be used to make ropes. Yellow dye can also be produced from the wood. Cempedak on sale at roadside in East Kalimantan, Indonesia A cempedak fruit stall.
Hay muchas variedades, aunque pocas han sido nombradas. Los arilos , comestibles carnosos rodean las grandes semillas no comestibles formando una capa gruesa. Es de color blanco amarillento a naranja, dulce y fragante, suave, resbaladizo y viscosa en la lengua y un poco fibrosa. El sabor de la fruta es similar a la jackfruit y fruta de pan con un toque de durian.
Description[ edit ] Cempedak trees are large, evergreen trees. They can grow to a height of 20 m, although most only reach a dozen meters. The trees are monoecious , with male and female flowers growing on the same tree. There are many varieties, although few are named.
The Artocarpus integer Thunb. The leaves, on a cm long petiole, are alternate, simple, elliptic-ovate with entire margin and pointed apex, cm long and cm broad, coriaceous, glossy intense green above, pale green and pubescent below. Solitary unisexual inflorescences on the plant itself directly from the trunk or from the branches cauliflory on short leafy shoots, the male ones are cylindrical racemes of cm of length and 1 cm of diametre, with tiny yellowish flowers, the female ones are globose or ellipsoid racemes with several tubular flowers. The fruit, on a cm long peduncle, is a syncarp aggregation of more fruits grown together and merged globose to oblong-cylindrical, cm long and of cm of diametre, with the surface covered by short pyramidal tubercles, of yellowish to orange yellow colour, emitting an intense unpleasant odour when ripe, similar to that of the Durian Durio zibethinus L. The seeds, per fruit, are ovoid slightly flattened of pale brown colour, cm long and 1,,5 cm broad, surrounded by a fleshy aril of greenish, yellow or orange colour, edible. Requires an exposition in full sun, but during the first phase of growth, and deep and rich of organic substance soils, slightly acidic to neutral. An element gnawed by the forest animals.