At the same time, he was exposed to many aspects of Western philosophical and political thought. He attempted to explain and offer solutions for the problems faced by Muslim societies through traditional Islamic principles interwoven with, and understood from, the point of view of modern sociology and philosophy. His articles from this period for the Mashhad daily newspaper, Khorasan, display his developing eclecticism and acquaintance with the ideas of modernist thinkers such as Jamal al-Din al-Afghani , Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal of Pakistan, among Muslims, and Sigmund Freud and Alexis Carrel. In , he was arrested again by the Iranian police, along with sixteen other members of the National Resistance Movement. Shariati then managed to get a scholarship for France, where he continued his graduate studies at University of Paris.

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What does this encompass? It is the intention of a "transferral" from your house to the house of people, from life to love, from the self to Allah, from slavery to freedom, from racial discrimination to equality, sincerity and truth, from being clothed to being naked, from a daily life to an eternal life and from selfishness and aimlessness to devotion and responsibility.

In summary, it is a transferral into the state of "Ihram". Therefore, your intention must be strongly asserted. You will grow out of your "shell" as do the seeds of dates. Being extremely conscious, you must have faith in your heart. Enlighten your heart with the flame of love; "shine" and "shine". Forget all about yourself! In the past, your life was characterized by "negligence" and "ignorance" You were helpless in all aspects of existence.

Even in the realm of your job, you became a slave, working either as a habit or by force! Now, shed this pattern of life! Become genuinely "conscious" of Almighty Allah, the people and yourself! Choose a new job, a new direction and a new "self"! Praying in Miqat When at Miqat and ready to start the Hajj, you are aware of what must be done and why.

In the Ihram attire you will perform the prayer of Ihram, presenting yourself to the Almighty Allah. Oh Allah, I am standing in front of you with the gesture of Ibrahim not as an oppressor wolf , not as a cheater fox , not as a hoarder rat. Nay, I face you as a "man" wearing the same clothes that I will wear when I see you in the hereafter.

This means that you willingly and consciously want to obey Allah and become His slave. You will rebel against anyone and anything beside Allah. Your readiness to exercise necessary duties is expressed. Such a position is not different from the regular prayer, but at this time it is like a more intimate talk to Allah.

Say: Oh the most gracious and the most merciful, whose glory and mercy go beyond the limits of friends and enemies, the righteous and the sinful, the believers and non-believers Oh Allah, I worship you since you are the only one who deserves to be worshipped.

I choose no master, but you, the master and owner of the day of judgment". Quran I Quran I:5 Thee alone we worship; thee alone we ask for help. Oh our only love, Oh our only help! See how we are lost by our ignorance! See how we are misled by the oppressors! See how we are limited by our weakness! Quran I:6 Show us the Straight Path - the path of truth, consciousness, fact, beauty, perfection, love, and goodness. Quran I:7 The path of those whom thou hast favored, Not the the path of those who earn thine anger nor of those who go astray.

At Miqat in the white dress of the hereafter, each bow denies and asks forgiveness for the wrong deeds which were motivated by fear and greed. They were committed during your life. Each prostration asks forgiveness for those which were done in the Courts of Powers.

The prayer at Miqat is a promise to Allah that there will be no prostration nor bowing to anyone other than Him! Peace be upon you Oh Mohammad, His slave and Messenger Peace by upon you and those obedient of Allah and the good doers. Peace be upon you All these are phrases which refer to the "near Allah, Ibrahim, Mohammad, people, heaven, the hereafter, salvation, freedom, love and etc. Dressed in the colorless clothes of Ihram, you experience a new birth - a resurrection!

No longer will you feel like a stranger. Shameful and apologetic, you return to Allah. But now you are free and responsible! Avoiding Certain Actions - Moharramat There are certain things which you are expected to avoid while in the state of Ihram.

These include any sort of reminders of your business, position, social class, or race. In essence, all worldly matters belonging to the life before Miqat, are tabooed. The following is a list of specific actions which must not be undertaken: - Do not look in a mirror in order not to see your image.

Therefore, forget the "self" temporarily. You are now in an environment of spirituality. Therefore, smell love!

Therefore, exercise a sense of brotherhood! Therefore, for a few days live as Jesus! Therefore, kill the tendencies of aggression by being peaceful toward nature! Therefore, be merciful to others! Therefore, see yourself as you are! Therefore, evade self - distinction! Therefore, be exposed to the sun - Do not cover your head males. Therefore, let your feet be bare! Hajj has begun; hurry toward Allah! In the state of Ihram Say: Labbaika! You are here to answer His invitation and be completely obedient to Him.

There is none like you. Denying the dishonest, exploitative, and despotic super-powers of the world, the people shout: "Labbaika, Allahomma Labbaika". Everyone, everywhere is addressing Almighty Allah!

Imagine, Oh man, you are like an iron particle in a magnetic field! It is as if you are among a million white birds flying above the sky on your way to the Miraj. You are approaching the Kaaba. The closer you get, the more excited you become.

As if it were a wounded wild animal trying to escape from its cage, your heart beats against the wall of your chest. You feel as if your skin is too tight for you! As the whole atmosphere is full of spirit of Allah, you cannot restrain your tears. The glory of Allah is felt in your heart under your skin, in your mind, in your senses, in the face of each rock and particle of sand, in the valley, in the desert and in the vague horizon. You see nobody but Allah!

He is the only one who "exists"; others are like waves and foam. He is the only truth; all beside Him are unreal! While pursuing the different aspects of Hajj, you feel a digression away from yourself and a movement toward Allah.

In a mood of excitement, you feel forced to move in one direction only. You have no right to turn back. The world appears as a beating heart. Allah is seen everywhere. Next, you will enter the vicinity of Mecca. There is a sign designating the Haram Area. You feel a sense of security as you arrive. No fighting, hunting, killing, or uprooting of plants is allowed in the Haram section. Since then, the tradition has been enforced whereby certain acts are prohibited in the area.

Upon entering the vicinity of the Haram, the shouts of "Labbaik" will stop immediately. Silence prevails everywhere; it signifies your arrival. Here is the Host Allah and this is His house. The city of Mecca resembles a huge bowl encircled on all sides by mountains. Every valley, street and alley faces the floor of this great house. Kaaba is in the center. You Will see a homogeneous crowd flooding downhill to the Masjid-ul-haram like a white river. Amidst all this, you will feel like a drop!

The closer you get to Kaaba, the more glories you experience. Upon descending down the hills toward Kaaba you get closer to Allah. It is only through humility and obedience that you can approach glory and dignity, finally reaching eminence.

In other words, you do not search for Allah in the sky nor through metaphysics, but rather, the search is conducted on this earth. He can be seen in the depth of matter and root in the stones.


Ali Shariati

It is not simply the sum of six plus one, but it is a reminder of the seven layers of heaven. Tawaf, your sacrifice for people, is an eternal movement on the path of people! It is Hajj and NOT a pilgrimage. Where is this position?


Hajj (The Pilgrimage)




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